America innovates medical devices, procedures and pharmaceuticals for the world. We offer the best medical treatment system in the world, but that is only as good as being the best at putting out house fires after they have started. Fire prevention is cheaper and more effective than fire recovery. The same is true for healthcare. Our healthcare system is broken.  Fixing our healthcare system requires addressing the underlying causes. Many of these causes are related to prior action by our government.
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Many people do not understand our healthcare system or why it is so complicated. This brief explanation is intended to provide a common frame of reference. In our generally capitalist democracy, buyers and sellers come together to trade. While the specific goals of the buyer and seller are different, their broader goals are aligned. Alignment means that if the seller achieves their goal, to sell a product, the buyer also achieves their goal, to buy a product. Unfortunately, in our healthcare system, there are more parties involved in the transaction than just the buyer (patient) and seller (provider). In addition, in the usual transaction, there is only one relationship subject to government regulation. In the healthcare transaction there are five relationships and each one is subject to government regulation. 
Healthcare Reform 2010|
The accuracy of the documents linked below is not confirmed, but is presumed because of the authors' reputations. Any opinions presented by the authors do not reflect the opinions of the Yuba-Sutter Healthcare Council or its Members.
Provisions - NAHU (2.4M)
Timeline - NAHU (200K)
Summary - CMA (300K)
The federal web site: HealthCare.gov
While the healthcare provider wants to give the best care and the patient wants to get the best care, the goals of the other parties, employers and insurers, are not aligned with either the patient or the provider. In fact, the goal of the insurer, to spend as little as possible on clinical care, often conflicts directly with the goals of the patient and the provider.
In our current healthcare environment, we cannot negotiate to the center of a table tilted heavily in favor of the health insurers whose goals are counter to the optimal healthcare transaction. That will only continue to promote a dysfunctional healthcare system. At best, it puts off the collapse of our healthcare system for a short time and benefits only a fraction of those it intends to help. At worst, it makes the needed reforms harder to achieve. As a result, we must first recognize where we are and identify what we want our healthcare system to look like in the future. Identifying the difference between the two (a "gap analysis") can help us to map out a plan for effective and sustainable reform of our system.
Below are the core problems which we must resolve to achieve an effective and sustainable healthcare system. The Possible Solutions do not pretend to be the best or only options. They are offered to suggest one possible general direction based upon the principles referenced at the end of this document.
According to the American Medical Association (AMA), Physicians with paper records do not have a patient's chart when seeing that patient 30% of the time.  One study has documented that physicians only provide "best practice" care about 55% of the time  People are unique. There may be good reasons why deviations occur in the provision of best practices to many patients. However, it is unlikely that 45% of patients require care which deviates from best practices. It appears likely that implementation of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) will improve the rate of providing best practice care to above 80% by displaying best practice options to physicians at the point of care. This may be a reasonable target to ensure that the statistical limitations of studies which created best practice guidelines do not create a straightjacket for providers when they treat individual patients that might lead to harm. The main barriers to implementation of EHRs are costs: software, hardware, Information Technology (IT) services, process change, staff training, and reduced provider productivity. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) legislation only addresses a small part of these costs. The currently planned "meaningful use" criteria are probably too stringent for the first year of stimulus payments. Several physicians have already stated that after calculating the financial results of each option, it will cost more to implement an EHR, even with stimulus payments, than to accept the Medicare penalties to be implemented in 2015.
Possible Solution: Extend the ARRA stimulus deadlines for expending the $36 billion dedicated to Health IT to provide more time to develop an adequate Health IT workforce and improve EHR user interfaces to reduce provider productivity losses. In addition to the initial stimulus payments, supplement Medicare E&M (Evaluation and Management) reimbursement for physicians who use EHRs to compensate for their ongoing productivity cost. Since private health insurers will benefit from the implementation of EHRs and currently only public insurers are paying for the stimulus (via the American taxpayers), work with private insurers to raise additional funds for EHR implementation.
As Albert Einstein has said, "We can't solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them." Finding the solutions needed to ensure an effective and sustainable healthcare system will require a new way of thinking about healthcare and a new process for reform, ones we have not tried before. We recommend that this new thinking involve first identifying our core principles through consensus and only then trying to define the policies which promote and support the principles. This is why the Yuba-Sutter Healthcare Council has identified our key principles for effective and sustainable healthcare.
A government led consensus process might lead to a core set of principles that are different than ours, but they must be equally actionable to drive rational policies in support of the principles selected. How we solve the healthcare crisis will depend upon whether we agree to start with basic principles or whether each party simply continues to lob demands at the others. Once we identify our core principles, some of the policy choices will be clear and others will require lengthy discussion. Despite the passage of ACA, there remains much to improve in our dysfunctional healthcare system. We encourage everyone to ask Congress to consider this new approach to healthcare reform. Please contact us with any thoughts you wish to share or any questions you wish to ask.
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